With increasing urbanization, the demand for electricity is also increasing with other resources. As we know that there is a scarcity of electricity and many government organizations have suggested us to use solar power. The reason behind this suggestion is to save our non-renewable resources as much as possible. This is only one example, if we talk in a broader sense then green energy is what we try to use. It is a very good option if want to conserve our resources and wish to have a better future. Let us see what green energy is and how it can help make a bright & smart future.
The type of energy we get with the help of natural resources is considered as green energy. We can generate energy using sunlight, wind, rain, tides and geothermal heat. These are renewable resources and have very little impact on the environment as compared to fossil fuels. Green energy is also beneficial to provide electricity to rural areas that don’t have access to it yet. Regular advances in green energy have led to a decrease in the installation cost of devices including solar panels and wind turbines.
Which is the most common form of green energy which is used?
Among various types of energy produced by renewable resources, one of the most common is solar energy. It is used in both the private and industrial sectors. The reason behind its popularity is its simple installation procedure and low cost as compared to others. Let us talk about solar energy in detail.
In simpler terms, it is defined as the form of energy produced from sunlight. It is done using solar panels that absorb energy and convert it into electricity with the help of appropriate components. Solar energy is also used for heating water without electricity.
The science behind solar energy
One of the most common requirements for generating electricity using sunlight is PV panels. They are special panels made having wafer-based crystalline silicon cells that are arranged in an organized manner within an aluminum frame. These photovoltaic panels absorb sunlight in the cells present and convert it into direct current that can be stored in batteries. An inverter is also required with PV panels for converting direct current into the alternative current before use. This technology has proven to be cost-effective in the long term for both industries as well as houses.
There are many advantages of this type of green energy, some of which are listed below.
This is the prime reason that people & industries have opted to install solar panels. No doubt that the initial cost of installation is a bit high. But, if see with future’s perspective it can save electricity cost in the long run.
- No negative environmental impact
Another advantage of using solar panels is that we are using renewable resources for generating electricity. Hence it has no harm to the environment. No greenhouse emission or pollution will be seen.
- Minimal to no maintenance
It is also seen that solar panels require no maintenance for a long period. One just has to clean panels for maintaining their good conversion efficiency.
- Flexibility of use
Generating electricity gives you the flexibility to use it whenever you want. If you are using solar panels then you will have access to electricity even when the utility grid fails. This is because you have got the backup into the battery attached to solar panels that you can utilize any time.
- Sell the power
Having on-grid installation can give you benefits from the electricity company. Extra electricity generated by the solar panels is transferred to the utility grid that is measured by the electricity company. The result is that you will be paid by the company in terms of rebate in your bills. The readings are recorded and accordingly deducted from your meter’s reading. Rest depends upon the contract between you & the company and the company’s norms.
- Effective performance
If purchased from a reliable source, solar panels are highly effective and can perform well even during winters & cloudy weather. The number of panels required for installation depends upon the amount of power required and the purpose of use.
With advantages, there are some disadvantages as well that are not of much concern but must be looked for.
- Requires a lot of space
For domestic use, solar panels can easily be installed on the roof or terrace. But if we are looking for industrial purposes, the installation of solar panels requires huge empty land.
As we have discussed above, the initial installation cost of the PV system is expensive. You will also find cheaper options in the local market but they are of no use.
- Seasonal results
The overall performance of solar panels is good but they are somewhat seasonal. What we mean by saying this is that during winters and cloudy weather the output is less.
- Cost of storage
Another point to be put in the disadvantages of solar energy is its storage cost. If you want to store energy produced for later use then you have to buy special batteries that are compatible with the PV system.
Everything is accompanied by positives & negatives and the same is the case with solar energy. If we compare both, using solar panels for the long term is a great choice. As they will save a lot in electricity bills plus give you the freedom from dependence on utility grids if you use proper storage batteries. Also if you require less and produce more, then you can sell it to the electricity board as well. So the final decision is yours, go green and save our planet.
We hope you have received basic information about solar panels that will of great help when you will install one for your use.
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